Taking action is critical to assuring conditions for health and well-being for all. Implementing the action plan through a collaborative process engages and empowers communities as key actors for health. Consistent with the action plan, this joint work may involve advocating for or implementing programs and policies that address priority issues and goals.
Key Questions to Consider
- Do we have a clear and well-defined action plan in place to guide what we do (see Plan section)?
- Are the necessary conditions in place for successful implementation of the action plan?
- Have we assured the resources to implement the action plan (e.g. time, money, people, organizational leadership)?
- Have we identified and prepared those responsible for implementing the action plan (e.g. defined roles and responsibilities, secured commitment, developed ownership)?
- Is support or training needed to implement the action plan (e.g. knowledge and skill development, technical assistance)? How will we make it available when needed?
- Are we ready to take action?
- Is advocacy needed to bring about changes in programs, policy and practice identified in the action plan?
- What is the process to review and update the action plan for changing or unforeseen circumstances, challenges, or opportunities as they arise?
- How do we assure accountability for the actions planned or taken?
- Is the action plan being implemented as planned? Are there barriers or conditions that need to be addressed to assure the action plan can be implemented as planned or adapted as needed?
- How will we support or create mechanisms to enable people, including those most affected and those who can address the issue, to be involved in taking action?
Some Recommended Actions
- __ Secure resources and assets necessary to implement the action plan (e.g. people, money, physical space and materials, knowledge and skills, technologies).
- __ Provide technical support to implement the action plan to fit the local culture and context.
- __ Build knowledge, skills, and capacity of those involved to successfully implement the action plan (e.g. offering training, technical assistance, enhanced access to technology).
- __ Implement strategies and interventions as outlined in the action plan.
- __ Support policy development to bring about changes identified in the action plan. This may require engaging in advocacy for program, policy and/or practice change related to goals in the community or environment.
- __ Hold regular meetings or check-ins to oversee how the action plan is being carried out and make changes as needed.
- Are the interventions being implemented as planned?
- Is implementation of interventions on schedule?
- How are interventions being received (e.g. appropriate, relevant, accessible)?
- Have challenges arisen during implementation that need to be addressed?
- Have opportunities arisen that can be leveraged?
- Does the plan need to be adapted to better fit the context or situation of the community?
- __ Mobilize and support ongoing collaborative action and advocacy across sectors to bring about programs and policies to address the priority issue and goal(s).
Examples of Action
Resources to Help You Take Action
Resources from the Community Tool Box
Troubleshooting Guides for Solving Common Problems
Additional Resources (reading, tools, examples, and PowerPoints)
Chapter 12: Providing Training and Technical Assistance
Chapter 17: Analyzing Community Problems and Solutions
Chapter 20: Providing Information and Enhancing Skills
Chapter 21: Enhancing Support, Incentives and Resources
Chapter 23: Modifying Access, Barriers and Opportunities
Chapter 25: Changing Policies
Chapter 26: Changing the Physical and Social Environment
Chapter 30: Principles of Advocacy
Chapter 32: Providing Encouragement and Education
Resources from WHO
Resources from Other Sources
The engagement toolkit (Book 3) (State Government of Victoria, Australia)
The community development facilitator’s guide (Human Resources Development Canada)
Index of community engagement techniques (Tamarack Institute, Canada)